Solid Waste Management Awareness, Attitude, and Practices in a Philippine Catholic Higher Education Institution
The paper assesses the solid waste management awareness, attitude, and practices of the employees and students of a Catholic higher education institution in the Philippines. Using a descriptive research design, the data were collected using a self-administered survey questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The major findings of the study show that the respondents demonstrated a very high level of awareness and attitude and high extent of practice of solid waste management. A significant difference was found in the awareness, attitude, and practices of respondents when they were grouped according to status and religion. Also, the findings established the relationship between awareness and attitude on one hand and the extent of practice of solid waste management. Awareness, attitudes, and practices were significantly related to age and educational level, except for sex which showed no correlation with attitude and practices. Generally, this paper validates how knowledge influences attitude that subsequently determines behavior particularly in solid waste management as intervened by appropriate environmental education.
Abdul-Wahab, S. A. & Abdo, J. (2010). The effects of demographic factors on the environmental awareness of Omani citizens. Hum Ecol Risk Assess, 16(2): 380–401.
Ahmad, J., Noor, S. M., & Ismail, N. (2015). Investigating students’ environmental knowledge, attitude, practice and communication. Asian Social Science, 11(16), 284.
Atienza, V.A. (2008). A breakthrough in solid waste management through participation and community mobilization: The experience of Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. Japanese Institutional Repositories Online, 17-34. Retrieved from http://rcube.ritsumei.ac.jp/bitstream/10367/231/1/RJAPS24_A%20Breakthrough%20in%20Solid%20Waste%20Management%20through%20.pdf
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.Retrieved from https://doi.org/10 .1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
Barloa, E. P., Lapie, L. P., & de la Cruz, C. P. P. (2016). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices on solid waste management among undergraduate students in a Philippine State University. Journal of Environment and Earth Science 6 (6). Retrieved on January 17, 2018 from https://www.researchgate.net.
Bradley, J.C., Waliczek, T.M., & Zajicek, J.M. (1999). Relationship between environmental knowledge and environmental attitude of high school students. Journal of Environmental Education, 30(3), 1-21. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/00958969909601873
Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Environmental Management Bureau. (2015). National solid waste management status report (2008-2014). Retrieved from http://nswmc.emb.gov. ph/wp- content/uploads/2016/06/Solid-Wastefinaldraft-12.29.15.pdf
Desa, A., Kadir, N. B. Y. A., & Yusooff, F. (2011). A study on the knowledge, attitudes, awareness status and behavior concerning solid waste management. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 18, 643-648.
Desa, A., Kadir, N. B. Y. A., & Yusooff, F. (2012). Environmental awareness and education: A key approach to solid waste management (SWM) - a case study of a University in Malaysia. In L. F. M. Rebellion (Ed.), Waste management - an integrated vision. Retrieved from DOI: 10.5772/48169
Diekmann, A., & Preisendörfer, P. (1998). Environmental behavior: Discrepancies between aspirations and reality. Rationality and society, 10(1), 79-102.
Domato, A. (2002). International environmental governance―its impact on social and human development. H. Ginkel, B. Barrett, J. Court, & J. Velasquez (Eds.), Human development and the environment: challenges for the United Nations in the new millennium (pp. 284-301). The United Nations University Press.
Eero, O. Grenstad, G. & Wolleback, D. (2001). Correlates of environmental behavior: Bringing back social context. Environment and Behavior 33(2), 181-208. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1 177/0013916501332002
Ehrampoush, M. H., & Moghadam, M. B. (2005). Survey of knowledge, attitude, and practice of Yazd University of Medical Sciences students about solid wastes disposal and recycling. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 2(2), 26-30.
Ejaz, N., Akhtar, N., Hashmi, H. N., & Naeem, U. A. (2010). Environmental impacts of improper solid waste management in developing countries: A case study of Rawalpindi city. In C. A. Brebbia (Ed.), The sustainable world (pp. 379-387). Southampton, England: WIT Press. Retrieved from DOI: 10.5772/48169
Esa, N. (2010). Environmental knowledge, attitude and practices of student teachers. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 19(1), 39-50.
Finisterra do Paço, A., Raposo, M. L. B. & Filho, W. L. (2009). Identifying the green consumer: A segmentation study. Journal of Targeting, Measurement, and Analysis for Marketing, 17 (1), 17-25. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1057 /jt.2008.28
Fishbein, M. & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behaviour: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Francis. (2015). Laudato Si: On care for our common home. Retrieved on August 5, 2017 from http://w2.vatican.va/con tent/francesco/en/encyclicals/documents/papa-francesco_20150524_enciclica-laudato-si.html
Franson, N. & Garling, T. (1999). Environmental concern: Conceptual definitions, measurements, methods, and research finding. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 369-582.
Global Education Monitoring Report. (2015). Education increases awareness and concern for environment. Retrieved August 25, 2017, from https://gemreportunesco.wordpress. com/2015/12/08/education-increases-awareness-and-concern-for-the-environment/
Green, D. P. & Fox, J. (2007). Rational choice theory. In W. Outhwaite & S. P. Turner (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of social science methodology (pp. 269-281). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781 848607958.n15
Hines, J. M., Hungerford, H. R., & Tomera, A. N. (1987). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behavior: A meta-analysis. The Journal of Environmental Education, 18(2), 1-8.
Ifegbesan, A. (2010). Exploring secondary school students' understanding and practices of waste management in Ogun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 5(2), 201-215.
International Institute for Sustainable Development (2013). Who are the green consumers?. Retrieved August 22, 2017, from https://www.iisd.org/business/ markets/green_who.aspx
Jones, R. E. & Dunlap, R. E. (1992). The social bases of environmental concern. Have they changed over time? Rural Sociology, 57(1), 134-144.
Leedy, P. D. & Ormrod, J. E. (2005). Practical research: Planning and design (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Licy, C. D., Vivek, R., Saritha, K., Anies, T. K., & Josphina, C. T. (2013). Awareness, attitude, and practice of school students towards household waste management. Journal of Environment, 2(6), 147-150.
Liou, J. C. (1992). Environmental knowledge, attitudes, behavioral intention, and behavior of preservice elementary teachers in Taiwan, the Republic of China (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
McKenzie-Mohr, D., Nemiroff, L. S., Beers, L., & Desmarais, S. (1995). Determinants of responsible environmental behavior. Journal of Social Issues 51(4), 138-156. Retrieved from 10.1111/j.15404560.1995.tb01352.x
Müderrisoglu, H., & Altanlar, A. (2011). Attitudes and behaviors of undergraduate students toward environmental issues. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 8(1), 159-168.
National solid waste management strategy (2012-2016). (n.d.) Retrieved from http://nswmc.emb.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/NSWM-Strategy-20122016.pdf
Neller, A. H., & Neller, R. J. (2009). Environment well-being and human well-being. In R. C. Elliot (Ed.), Institutional issues involving ethics and justice . Volume 2, (p.137) Oxford, England: Eolss.
Olli, E., Grendstad, G., & Wollebaek, D. (2001). Correlates of environmental behaviors: Bringing back social context. Environment and behavior , 33(2), 181-208.
Republic Act No. 9003, "Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000". (2000). Retrieved on July 10, 2017, from www. http://emb.gov.ph/wpcontent/up loads/2015/09/RA-9003.pdf
Ranada, P. (2015 October 6). Why is PH world's 3rd biggest dumper of plastics in the ocean? Rappler. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from http://www.rappler.com.
Rahmaddin, M. Y., Hidayat, T., Yanuwiadi, B., & Suyadi. (2015). Knowledge, attitude, and action of community towards waste management in river bank of Martapura. International Journal of Applied Psychology, 5(4), 96-102. Retrieved from doi:10.5923/j.ijap.20 150504.03
Raudsepp, M. (2001). Some socio-demographic and socio-psychological predictors of environmentalism. TRAMES, 5(4), 355-367.
Scott, D., & Willets, F. K. (1994). Environmental attitudes and behavior. Environment and Behavior, 26(2), 239-261. Retrieved January 17, 2018 from http://journals.sagepub.com /doi/10.1177/001391659402600206
Simmons, A. (2016, April 22). The world's trash crisis, and why many Americans are oblivious. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on July 23, 2017, from http://www.latimes.com
Sinha, R., Bharambe, G. Nair, J. & Heart, S. (2008). Mounting waste -- the inevitable byproduct of human activities: strategies and policies for their safe management: some experiences from India and Australia. In J. Daven & R. Klein (Eds.), Progress in waste management research (pp. 11-91). New York, New York: Nova Science.
Suarez, K. D. (2015 February 13). PH among top nations dumping plastic into seas. Rappler. Retrieved July 25, 2017, from http://www.rappler.com.
Yildiz, N. D., Yilmaz, H. Demir, M. & Süleyman, T. (2011). Effects of personal characteristics on environmental awareness; a questionnaire survey with university campus people in a developing country, Turkey. Scientific Research and Essays, 6(2), 332-340. Retrieved from http://www.academic journals.org/article/article1380631023_Yildiz%20et%20al2.pdf
Copyright of the Journal belongs to the University of San Jose-Recoletos