Morality and Religiosity: A Filipino Experience


  • Sheldon Ives G. Agaton Eastern Visayas State University



morality, religiosity, human person, relevance of morality and religiosity


The concepts of morality and religiosity have been associated with each other in a manner that these two co-exist and they are of equal importance for a human person’s eventual ideal character. Accordingly, moral philosophy teaches that a person’s moral foundation can be linked to his spiritual foundation and vice versa as one of religions’ thrusts is construct the moral fibers necessary for man’s ethical existence. A human person’s spirituality and morality are substantial parts of his nature that he has to learn, nourish and value them so that he may develop into an ideal human person that he is suppose to be. He does not only have to indoctrinate and inculcate one of which and despise the other. This paper generally talks about the notions of Morality and Religiosity. Further, it also discusses on the interrelation of the two as the human person applies the same to actual convictions in life. Finally, a category is presented on what a person should ideally be as the two concepts are intertwined. This paper utilized the expository-descriptive type of research. Books, articles and other similar write-ups from the library, internet and other sources coupled with observations in the experiential world were the primary references. Such method was facilitative in the full realization of this research paper.

Author Biography

Sheldon Ives G. Agaton, Eastern Visayas State University

is a teacher of 15 years in Philosophy, Philippine History and Constitution, and Rizal at the Eastern Visayas State University, Tacloban City, Philippines. He earned his AB Philosophy from Sacred Heart Seminary, Palo, Leyte. He holds an MA in Philippine Studies from Asian Development Foundation College and further received his PhD at the Eastern Visayas State University both situated in Tacloban City. He also holds a Law Degree from the Dr. Vicente Orestes Romualdez Educational Foundation, Tacloban City. He is happily married to Sheila R. Agaton and blessed with one son, Magne Justin.


Anonymous. “Karma in Hinduism,” ReligionFacts. July 3, 2007. Accessed October 14, 2013.

Atmosfera, Jong. “Secularism and the Filipino Freethinkers,” Filipino Freethinkers. July 7, 2011. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Bautista, Romulo G. “Secularization of Religion, De-secularization of Spirituality, and Middleground Morality in the Philippines” Philippine Democracy Online. August 12, 2012. Accessed October 2, 2013.

Blanco, Thomas Lyndon B., Agaton, Sheldon Ives G., Musca, Rolando V.. A more simplified Logic Manual (Unpublished Book).

Broom, Leonard et al. Sociology, A Core Text with Adapted Readings. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1990. Printed.

Constantino, Renato and Constantino, Letizia R. The Philippines: The Continuing Past. Quezon City: The Foundation For National Artists, 1990. Printed.

Cox, Harvey et al. “World Religions and Conflict Resolution.” Religion, The Missing Dimension of Statecraft. Ed. Douglas Johnston, Ed. Cynthia Sampson. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Printed.

Cruz, Corazon L. Contemporary Ethics. Metro Manila: National Bookstore, Inc., 1984. Printed.

De Castro, Leonardo D. and De Villa, Agerico M. Ethics and Logic. Quezon City: Katha Publishing Co. Inc., 1993. Printed.

Drona, Bert M., “Our Filipino Norm of Morality,” The Filipino Mind Blog, January 12, 2008. Accessed October 3, 2013.

Easton Miller, “US Aggression in the Philippines,.”

Glenn, Paul J., Ethics: A Class Manual in Moral Philosophy. Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2010. Printed.

Gorospe, Vitaliano R. “Christian Renewal of Filipino Values,” Philippine Studies, Vol. 14 No. 2 (1966): 196. Accessed October 13, 2012.

Haring, Bernard. Christianity and Moral Values:A Clarification of their Status and Priority, Hierarchy and Application, ed. George F. McLean. Copyright: Andrew Goddard, 2011.

Jocano, Felipe Landa. Filipno Value System: A Cultural Definition. Quezon City: Punlad Research House, 2008. Printed.

Jocano, Felipe Landa. Work Values of Successful Filipinos. Quezon City: Punlad Research House, 2006. Printed.

Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Catechism of the Catholic Church. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Licauco, Jaime. “Spirituality is not the same as Religiosity,” Philippine Daily Inquirer. September 13, 2011. Accessed October 14, 2013.

McFarland, Julie. “Secular and Religious Morality,” Religion and Philosophy, January 22, 2013. Accessed October 8, 2013.

Mendoza, Rene E. Secularization in the Philippines and other Asian Countries. Institute for Japanese Culture and Classics: Kokugakuin University, 1999.

Mubarak, Hajj and Eidul-Adha. “The Moral System of Islam” Islam 101, January 6, 1948. Accessed October 13, 2013.

Muega, Michael Arthus G. “Values/Moral Education:Current Conceptions and Practices in Philippine Schools,” Alipato: A Journal of Basic Education, Vol. 4 (2010): 90. Accessed October 2013.

Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri. (2013). Wikipedia.

Nachura, Antonio, Outline Reviewer in Political Law. Manila: VJ Graphic Arts, Inc. 2014. Printed.

Omar, A. M. “Standards and Sources of Morality,” Accessed October 14, 2013.

Panopio, Isabel and Raymundo, Adelisa. Sociology: Focus on the Philippines, 4th edition. Philippines: KEN Incorporated, 2004. Printed.

Pecorino, Philip A.. Philosophy of Religion. Chapter 9 Religion, Morality and Ethics: Secular Morality as Inferior? (2001). Accessed October 9, 2013.

Peterson, Scott “Muslim Scholars and Clerics: Suicide Bombings are un-Islamic,” The Christian Science Monitor. December 24, 2012. Accessed October 13, 2013.

Quito, Emerita S. Fundamentals of Ethics. Metro Manila: De La Salle University Press, 1993. Printed. “Religiosity.”

Ronquillo, Adelaida A. Social Issues and Problems: Their Implications to Philippine National Development. Metro Manila: Katha Publishing Co. Inc., 1989. Printed.

“Secularization.” Wikipedia. 2009. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. 2009.

Soliongco, Indalecio P. “The Filipino Elite: Practices and Priorities in our Homeland, What should/can we Native Filipinos do, should we want to?” The Filipino Mind. September 14, 2013.

Swan, Thomas. “What is the Relationship between Religion and Morality.” June 23, 2013. Accessed October 6, 2013.

The Jerusalem Bible. Ed. Alexander Jones. USA: Darton, Longman and Todd, Ltd. and Doubleday and Company, Inc. Printed.

Timbreza, Florentino T. “Can There Be Morality without Religion.” Karunungan: A Journal of Philosophy. 15. (1998): 80-85. Printed.




How to Cite

Agaton, S. I. G. (2015). Morality and Religiosity: A Filipino Experience. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 3(2).