The Tuba Culture in Leyte, Philippines




tuba culture, fermented wine, values formation, oral history


This research work centers on the culture of tuba, a fermented drink primarily composed of coconut sap and barok. This drink is commonly found in the province of Leyte, Philippines. Utilizing oral history coupled with related studies from reputable journals, this paper presents tuba as a beverage common and perfected in the province of Leyte, hence forms part Leyte's tangible culture. Further, this liquor, being a commodity, can be a source of income on the part of the mananggiti, the alpor, and anyone who wishes to sell it. This paper also narrates how tuba is valued as part of Leyte's culture, and tries to understand how tuba nurtures certain Filipino values. This paper concludes that this liquor is essential to the province's culture, hence, worthy to be documented and perpetuated by highlighting the need to elevate the value of the mananggiti.

Author Biography

Sheldon Ives G. Agaton, Eastern Visayas State University, Tacloban City, Philippines

Associate Professor III of the Social Sciences Department, Eastern Visayas State University


Agaton, S. I. (2017). Vantage points of utang na loob. Social Ethics Society Journal of Applied Philosophy, 3(1), 59-77.

Andres, T. D. (1981). Understanding Filipino values: A management approach. New Day Publishers.

Conto, F., Vrontis, D., Fiore, M., & Thrassou, A. (2014). Strengthening regional identities and culture through wine industry cross border collaboration. British Food Journal, 116(11), 1788-1807.

Foronda, M. Jr. A. (1978). Playing it by ear: The beginnings of oral history in the Philippines. DLSU Dialogue: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Cultural Studies, 14(1).

Gil. (n.d.). Dama Juana bottles big big bottles.

Hulkower, N. (2020). Wine - a cultural good?

Jocano, F. L. (1997). Filipino value system: A cultural definition. Punlad Research House.

Jocano, F. L. (2000). Work values of successful Filipinos. Punlad Research House.

Montemayor, F. M. (1992). Introduction to philosophy through the philosophy of man. National Bookstore.

Pacho, A. (2010). Exploratory market survey of tuba in Tacloban City. DLSU Business and Economics Review, 19(2), 73-80.

Panopio, I.S., Cordero-MacDonald, F.V., & Raymundo, A. A. (2004). General sociology: Focus on the Philippines (3rd ed.). KEN Incorporated.

Pletcher, K., & Rafferty, J. P. (2021, October 15). Super typhoon Haiyan. Encyclopedia Britannica.

Polistico, E. (2011, September 17). Tungog. Philippine Food Illustrated.

Ritchie, C. (2009). The culture of wine buying in the UK off-trade. International Journal of Wine Business Research, 21(3), 194-211.

Sanchez, P. C. (2008). Philippine fermented foods: Principles and technology. University of the Philippines Press.

Shapin, S. (2012). The tastes of wine: Towards a cultural history. Rivista di Estetica, 52(3),49-94.

Starr, L. M. (n.d.). Oral history methodology: The art of interviewing [Oral History Workshop].

Villafuerte, K. K. (2022, March 28). Top delicacies you should taste when in Leyte. Bria.,give%20the%20province%20its%20identity




How to Cite

Agaton, S. I. G. (2022). The Tuba Culture in Leyte, Philippines. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 10(2), 75–85.