The Anglo-American Elements in Jose Rizal’s Poem Education Gives Luster to the Motherland


  • Glenn G. Pajares University of San Jose-Recoletos
  • Percia A. Leyte University of San Jose-Recoletos
  • Richard B. Fernandez University of San Jose-Recoletos



Anglo-American Literary Studies, Jose Rizal, Jose Rizal’s poem


There is no known study made about the Anglo-American ideas found in Jose
Rizal’s poems. Hence, this study looks into Rizal’s poem Education gives luster to the motherland and identify the Anglo-American ideas that are found in it. The study assumed that since England and the United States are politically and economically powerful, they have great influence to states that are less powerful like the Philippines. The study found out through descriptive textual analysis that Rizal’s poem is romanticist in character. Since romanticism originated in England, his poem contains English ideas and he is influenced
by English thought. Rizal is a proponent of education as shown by the poem. His advocacy for education as a means by which the nation can develop is shared by the Americans because education is one of the major contributions and legacy of America to Philippine history. Rizal’s desire to liberate his countrymen from ignorance which in turn will liberate the people from oppression is parallel to America’s advocacy for liberation, freedom and democracy. Therefore, Rizal’s poem contains American ideas and he is influenced by American thought. This study recommends that another analysis must be made to see if Rizal’s other poems contain Anglo-American ideas.

Author Biographies

Glenn G. Pajares, University of San Jose-Recoletos

is a graduate of A.B. Classical Philosophy (cum laude) from Sacred Heart Seminary, Palo, Leyte in the year 2000. He finished his Master of Arts in Philosophy in 2002 from the University of San Carlos, Cebu City. He garnered the degree Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy from the same University in 2006. He is an assistant professor and the Chair of the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy of the College of Arts and Sciences of the University of San Jose-Recoletos from 2007 to the present. Currently, he is pursuing the degree Doctor of Arts in Literature and Communication at the Cebu Normal University.

Percia A. Leyte, University of San Jose-Recoletos

is a full time/faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences in the University of San Jose-Recoletos and is handling Major and Minor English and Communication Courses. She has earned her baccalaureate, masters, and post masters at the same university where she is teaching. Currently, she is involved in the Research Program and pursuing research studies in multi-disciplinary topics. She is also one of the authors of the book, “Crossing Boundaries in Philippine Literature†by Mutya publishing company.

Richard B. Fernandez, University of San Jose-Recoletos

is currently the Chairman of the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy (DSSP) of the University of San Jose-Recoletos (USJ-R). He graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science at Western Mindanao State University, Zamboanga City in 1997 and finished his Master’s degree in Development Communication in 2001 at the University of San Jose-Recoletos, Cebu City. He earned some units leading to the degree, Master in International Studies at Miriam College, Quezon City. He was a scholar of the American Studies Summer Institute in 2001. As scholar of the Commission on Higher Education – Faculty Education Development Program (CHED-FEDP), he completed his academic units for the degree, Master of Political Science at the University of San Carlos in 2008 of which he was the president of Graduate Student Organization. He is a member of the Philippine Political Science Association (PPSA) and Philippine National Historical Society (PNHS). He is an assessor of the Regional Quality Assessment Team (RQAT) of the Commission of Higher Education, Region 7. He is a facilitator/faculty expert of the Politcal Science Program, USJ-R Expanded Tertiary Equivalency Education Accreditation Program (ETEEAP), recognized by CHED as number one in the whole Philippines.


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How to Cite

Pajares, G. G., Leyte, P. A., & Fernandez, R. B. (2014). The Anglo-American Elements in Jose Rizal’s Poem Education Gives Luster to the Motherland. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 2(1).