Effectivity of Malunggay (Moringa oleifera) Seeds Oil Extract Topical Application as Adjunct Therapy for Arthritic Pain


  • Karen T. Celetaria Cebu Normal University
  • Axl Rose R. Arnejo Cebu Normal University
  • Jezyl C. Cutamora Cebu Normal University




MoringaOleifera, Malunggay, arthritis, pain, adjunct therapy


According to the Department of Health (DOH, 2011), the morbidity rate for Arthritis in the Philippines is increasing and the age group of 65 years and above has the highest morbidity. Despite the fluctuations in number of reported cases over the years, arthritis had been a rampant cause of pain to the elderly. However, therapy for this disease is considerably expensive; thus, the researchers utilized Moringa Oleifera seeds oil extract topical application as an adjunct therapy in providing relief of arthritic pain. Manual oil
press was used to extract oil. The researchers conducted three trials with four assessments in various time intervals for 30 randomized samples for each group in three different localities, utilizing the true-experimental, Pretest-Posttest design. One Way Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) showed p-value of 0.909 and 0.000 for Control and Experimental groups respectively. Paired T-test revealed p-value of 0.000 for Experimental group’s pre-test and post-tests. T-test of independent samples however showed significant
decrease in pain level only on 30 minutes and one hour after application. These results suggested highly significant decrease of pain perceived by subjects who received the adjunct therapy.

Author Biographies

Karen T. Celetaria, Cebu Normal University

is a topnotcher of Nursing Licensure Examination last May 2014. She graduated from Cebu Normal University- College of Nursing.

Axl Rose R. Arnejo, Cebu Normal University

is a graduate of Cebu Normal University College of Nursing batch 2014. She is currently a staff nurse in Perpetual Soccour Hospital.

Jezyl C. Cutamora, Cebu Normal University

is a faculty member of Cebu Normal University – College of Nursing both in the undergraduate and graduate studies since 2005. She is the College Research Coordinator since 2009 and is currently pursuing her Ph.D in education major in Research and Evaluation in the same institution. She has 13 international publications and 8 publications in national category. She received research awards for publication and presentation of research articles.


Adejumo, O., Kolapo, A., &Folarin, A. (2012). Moringaoleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) grown in Nigeria: In vitro antisickling activity on deoxygenated erythrocyte cells. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences 4(2), 118–122. Sagamu, Nigeria. DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.94812

Anwar, F., Latif, S., Ashraf, M., &Gilani, A.H. (2006).MoringaOleifera: A Food Plant with Multiple Medicinal Uses. Phytotherapy research PTR, 21 (1), 17-25. Wiley Online Library

Biswas, S.K, Chowdhury, A., Das, J., Roy, A. & Zahid Hosen, S.M. (2012). Pharmacological Potentials of MoringaOleiferaLAM.: A Review, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 3(2),
305-310. Dhaka, Bangladesh

Department of Health, Region VII (2011). Disease Morbidity by Age and Sex Statistics. Cebu: Philippine Government

Fahey, J.W. (2005). Moringaoleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for Its Nutritional, Therapeutic, and Prophylactic Properties. Part 1.,Trees for Life Journal. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins School of
Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences,1:5

Goyal, B., Goyal, R., Agrawal, B. & Mehta A. (2007). Phyto-pharmacology of MoringaOleifera Lam. An overview. Natural Product Radiance, 6(4), 347- 353. Gujarat, India

Guevara, A.P., Vargas, C. &Uy, M.(2003). Antiinflammatory and antitumor activities of seed extracts of malunggay, Moringaoleifera
L. (Moringaceae).Pharmaceutical biology (Pharm. biol.) ISSN 1388-0209

Kasolo J. N., Bimenya G. S., Ojok L., Ochleng J.,&Ogwal-Okeng J. W. (2010). Phytochemicals and uses of Moringaoleifera leaves in Ugandan
rural communities. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 4,753–757.

Lorig, K., Chastain, R.L., Ung, E., Shoor, S., and Holman, H.R. (1989). Development and evaluation of a scale to measure selfefficacy in people with arthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 32(1), 37-44

Mahajan, S.G., Mali, R.G. & Mehta, A.A. (2007). Protective effect of ethanolic extract of seeds of Moringaoleifera Lam. against inflammation associated with development of arthritis in rats. Journal of Immunotoxicology 4 (1): 39–47. DOI:10.1080/15476910601115184. PMID 18958711

McCormack, H.M., Horne, D.J., &Sheather S. (1988). Clinical applications of visual analogue scales: a critical review. Psychological Medicine;18:1007–19.

Muangnoi, C., Chingsuwanrote, P., Praengamthanachoti, P., Svasti, S.
&Tuntipopipat, S. (2011). Moringaoleifera pod inhibits inflammatory mediator production by lipopolysaccharidestimulated RAW 264.7 murinemacrophage cell lines. Inflammation 35(2), 445-455

Spine Disc & Pain Clinic.(2013).Joint Pain. Retrieved
January 14, 2013 from http://spinenpain.com/diseases/joint-pain/

Sutar, N.G., Bonde, C.G., Patil, V.V., Narkhede, S.B., Patil, A.P. &Kakade, R.T. (2008) Analgesic activity of seeds of Moringaoleifera Lam. 2(2), 108-110. Maharashtra, India.




How to Cite

Celetaria, K. T., Arnejo, A. R. R., & Cutamora, J. C. (2015). Effectivity of Malunggay (Moringa oleifera) Seeds Oil Extract Topical Application as Adjunct Therapy for Arthritic Pain. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.32871/rmrj1503.01.15