Development and Validation of E-SelfIMo: E-Learning Self-Directed Interactive Module in Earth Science




self-directed learning, interactive e-modules, earth science, Kotobee, Philippines


This study developed and validated E-learning Self-directed Interactive Modules (E-SelfIMo) for Earth Science. The study employed Research and Development method, using the Borg and Gall development procedure, in creating eight e-modules using Kotobee software, evaluating them by experts and students, and determining their effectiveness in terms of students' conceptual understanding. Experts agreed that E-SelfIMo met the DepEd standards for non-printed learning materials, and students attested to their high validity in content, format, and usefulness. Pretest and posttest results for the effectiveness of E-SelfIMo revealed that students exposed to the E-SelfIMo have progressed from “Near Mastery” to “Near Full Mastery” in the chosen Earth Science topics, showing more significant improvement in their conceptual understanding than the control group. This study concludes that E-SelfIMo supports interactive, active, and self-directed learning thereby, improving students’ motivation, engagement, interest, and performance. The E-SelfIMo could be used with technology integration as a teaching and learning tool.


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How to Cite

Lasala, N. J. (2023). Development and Validation of E-SelfIMo: E-Learning Self-Directed Interactive Module in Earth Science. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 11(1), 85–101.