Enhancing the Growth and Yield of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in Hydroponic System Using Magnetized Irrigation Water
The application of magnetic technology to agricultural productions is considered new breakthroughs to the enhancement of food production. However, studies about its application on the hydroponic system of production on high valued crops are limited. Hence, the present study assessed the effect of magnetically-treated water on the growth and yield parameters of lettuce in hydroponic system. Magnetic device with different number of permanent magnets was used to magnetize irrigation water in the hydroponic system. Uniform and healthy seedlings are transplanted and arranged completely randomized design. Magnetically treated water enhanced the growth and yield parameters of lettuce such as weekly height, leaf area, fresh weight, and root length. The height, leaf area, fresh weight, and root length increased up to 44.30%, 199.93%, 50.72%, and 37.00%, respectively vs. the control. Results revealed that magnetic treatment for water in hydroponic system has potentials to increase the growth of lettuce and consequently its yield.
Aladjadjiyan, A. (2002). Study of the influence of the magnetic field on some biological characteristics of Zea maize. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 3 (2). 89-94.
Aladjadjiyan, A. (2007). The use of physical methods for plant growth stimulation in Bulgaria. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 8(3), 369-380.
Alatorre-Cobos, F., Calderon-Vazquez, C.& Ibarra-Laclette, E., Young, L., Perez-Torres, C., Oropeza-Aburto, A., Mendez-Bravo, A., Gonzales-Morales, S., Gutierrez Alanis, D., Chacon, A., Pena-Ocana, B., & Herrera-Estrella, L.(2014). An improved, low-cost, hydroponic system for growing Arabidopsis and other plant species under aseptic conditions. BMC Plant Biology. 14. 69. 10.1186/1471-2229-14-69.
Ali, Y, & Samaneh, R. (2017). Effects of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on the quality of soil: A comprehensive review, Indi American Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 4(05), 1125-1129. Retrieved from http://www.iajps.com Accessed: October 2019.
Amira, M. S., Qados, A., & Hozayn M. (2010). The response of growth, yield, yield components, and some chemical constituents of flax for irrigation with magnetized and tap water. World Applied Science Journal, 8(5), 630–634.
Barman, N., Hasan, M., Islam, M.,&Banu, N. (2016, July). A review of present status and future perspective of hydroponics technique. Plant Environment Development, 5(2), 1-7. Retrieved from http://www.botanyru.org/journal Accessed: September 2018.
Belyavskaya, N. (2001).Ultrastructure and calcium balance in meristem cells of pea roots exposed to extremely low magnetic fields. Advances in Space Research, 28(4), 645-650.
Belyavskaya, N. (2004). Biological effects due to a weak magnetic field on plants. Advances in Space Research, 34(7), 1566-1574.
Briones, R, Antonio, E, Habito, C, Porio E &Songco D. (2017). Food security and nutrition in the Philippines: Strategic Review: Brain Trust Inc.
http://docs.wtf.org/api/documents WFP-0000015508/download/. Accessed September 2018.
Castañeda, O, Patiño, M, Patiño, J, Aleman, R & Torres, O. (2016) Effect of electric field on the kinetics of growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) in a hydroponic system. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 5, 113-120. 10.4236/jacen.2016.53013. Retrieved from http://www.scrip.org/journal/jacenhttp://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jacen.2016.53013. September 2018.
Chang, K.T. and Weng, C.I. (2008). An investigation into structure of aqueous NaCl electrolyte solutions under magnetic fields. Computational Materials Science. 43. 1048-1055. 10.1016/j.commatsci.2008.02.020
Cuartero, J. and R. Fernández-Muñoz, (1998).Tomato and salinity. Scientia Horticulturae, 78(1), 83-125.
Dagoberto, G.F., Angel, D.S.T.,& Lilita, S.P. (2002). Effect of magnetic treatment of onion (Allium cepa) seeds on the germination and growth of seedlings. Alimentaria, 39 (337), 181–186.
De Souza, A. (2005). Pre-sowing magnetic treatment of tomato seeds: Effects on the growth and yield of plants cultivated late in the season. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 3(1), 113-122.
De Souza, A., Garci, D., Sueiro L., Gilart, F., Porras, E.,& Licea L. (2006). Presowing magnetic treatments of tomato seeds the growth and yield of plants. Bioelectromagnetics. 2(7), 247-257
Dunn, B. (2013), Hydroponics. Technical Report. Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/280235408.Accessed: September 2018.
Eitken, A. & Turan, M. (2004) Alternating magnetic field effects on yield and plant nutrient element composition of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa cv. Camarosa). ActaAgriculturaeScandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Science, 54(3), 135-139.
El-Yazid, A., Shalaby, A., Khalf SM. & El-Satar A. (2011).Effect of magnetic field on seed germination and transplant growth of tomato. Journal of American Science, 7(12), 306-323.
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2009). ‘How to feed the world in 2050’, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, paper prepared for ‘How to feed the world in 2050’: High-level expert forum, 12–13 October 2009, Rome. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/wsfs/docs/expert_paper/How_to_Feed_the_World_in_2050.Pdf. Accessed: October 2018.
Ferguson, S., Saliga III, R, & Omay, S. (2014). Investigating the effects of hydroponic media on quality of greenhouse grown leafy greens. International Journal of Agricultural Extension, 02(03), 227-234. Retrieved from http://www.escijournals.net/IJAE. Accessed: November 2018
Gabriel, A.G. & Mangahas, T.L.S. (2017). Indigenous people’s contribution to the mitigation of climate variation, their perception, and organizing strategy for sustainable community based forest resources management in Caraballo Mountain, Philippines. Open Journal of Ecology, 7, 85-100. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.4236/oje.2017.72007. Accessed: October 2018.
Gashgari, R., Alharbi, K., Mughrbil, K., Jan, A., & Glolam A. (2018). Comparison between growing plants in hydroponic system and soil-based system. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Mechanical, Chemical and Material Engineering (MCM’18), Madrid, Spain, August 16-18, 2018. Paper No. ICMIE131.http://doi:1011159/icmie18.131.Accessed: October 2018.
Grewal, H.S., and Maheshwari, B.L. (2011). Magnetic treatment of irrigation water and snow pea and chickpea seeds enhances early growth and nutrient contents of seedlings. Bioelectromagnetics, 32(1), 58-65.
Gudigar, A. H. (2013). Effect of magnetic treatment on irrigation water quality, soil properties and growth of sunflower crop. Masters Thesis. Accessed: November 2017
Hachicha, M., Kahlaoui, B., Khamassi, N. Misle,& Jouzdan, E. (2018) Effect of electromagnetic treatment of saline water on soil and crops. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Science 17, 154 – 162. Retrieved from www.ksu.edu.sa and www.sciencedirect.com.September 2018
Haq, Z., Iqbal, M., Jamil, Y., Anwar, H., Younis, A., Arif, M., Fareed, Z., & Hussain, F. (2016). Magnetically treated water irrigation effect on turnip seed germination, seedling growth, and enzymatic activities. Information Processing in Agriculture. 3 (2), 99-106. Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com and www.elsevier.com/locate/inpa. Accessed: October 2018.
Hilal M.H., &Hilal M.M. (2000). Application of magnetic technologies in desert agriculture: Seed germination and seedling emergence of some crops in a saline calcareous soil. Egypt Journal of Soil Science, 40(3), 413-423.
Hozayn, M. & Amir Mohamed Saeed Abdul Qados (2010). Irrigation with magnetized water enhances growth, chemical constituent and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 1(4), 671-676. Retrieved from https://scihub.org/ABJNA Accessed: October 2017.
Hozayn, M., Abd El Monem, A., Abd El-Fatah Elwia, T., & El-Shatar, M.(2014). Future of magnetic agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid regions (case study). Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, Vol. LVII, 2014. Retrieved from http://agronomyjournal.usamv.ro/pdf/2014/art35.pdf. Accessed: October 2018.
Hozayn, M, Abdallha, M.M., Abd El-Monem A.A., El-Saady, A.A. & Darwish M.A. (2016). Applications of magnetic technology in agriculture: A novel tool for improving crop productivity (1): Canola. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(5), pp. 441-449. Retrieved from: http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR Accessed: October 2017.
Iqbal J., Cecil F., Ahmad K., Iqbal M., Mushtaq M., Naeem M.(2013). Kinetic study of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) biosorption using Rosa Damascenaphytomass: a rose waste biomass. Asian J Chem, 25, 2099–103.
Khattab, M. (2000). Pre-treatment of gladiolus cormels to produce commercial yield: I-effects of GA3, seawater and magnetic system on the growth and corms production. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research, 45(3), 181-1199.
Linehan, V., Thorpe, S., Andrews, N., Kim, Y.,&Beaini, F. (2012). Food demand to 2050: Opportunities for Australian agriculture, ABARES conference Canberra, March. Retrieved from http://daff.gov.au/abares/publications.Accessed: September 2018
Maheshwari, B.L.,& Grewal, H.S. (2009). Magnetic treatment of irrigation water: Its effects on vegetable crop yield and water productivity. Agricultural Water Management. 96, 1229-1236. Retrieved from www.elsevier.com/locate/agwat. Accessed: July 2019
Majid A. (2009). Effect of seed pre-treatment by magnetic fields on seed germination and ontogeny growth of agricultural plants. Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Mohamed, A.I., & Ebead, B.M. (2013) Effect of magnetic treated irrigation water on salt removal from a sandy soil and on the availability of certain nutrients. International Journal of Engineering, 2(2), 2305-8269. Retrieved from http://eaas-journal.org/survey/userfiles/files/agriculture%20engineering%204(4).pdf. Accessed October 2019.
Moon, J.D.,& Chung, H.S., (2000) Acceleration of germination of tomato seed by applying AC electric and magnetic fields. J. Electrostatic. 4(8), 103–114.
Mostafazadeh-Fard, B., Khoshravesh M., MousaviS, F., & Kiani A.R. (2011). Effects of magnetized water and irrigation water salinity on soil moisture distribution in trickle irrigation. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 137(6), 398-403.
Moussa H.R. (2011). The impact of magnetic water application for improving common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris l.) production. New York Science Journal, 4(6), 15-20.
Muraji, M. (1992).Effect of alternating magnetic field on the growth of the primary root of corn. Magnetics, IEEE Transactions On, 28(4), 1996-2000.
Muraji, M., T. Asai, and W. Tatebe, (1998). The primary root growth rate of Zea mays seedlings grown in an alternating magnetic field of different frequencies. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, 44(2), 271-273.
Murphy, M., Zhang, F., Nakamura, Y., andOmaye, S. (2011). Comparison between hydroponically and conventionally and organically grown lettuces for taste, odor visual quality and texture: A pilot study. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 2, 124-127. Retrieved from DOI:104236/fns.2011.22017 http://www.scirp.org/journal/fns. Accessed: October 2018
Novitsky, Y.I. (2001). Growth of green onions in a weak permanent magnetic field. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 48(6), 709-716.
Pascual, M.P., Lorenzo, G.A., & Gabriel, A.G. (2018). Vertical farming using hydroponic system: Toward a sustainable onion production in Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Open Journal of Ecology, 8, 25-41.https://doi.org/10.4236/oje.2018.81003. October 2018.
Patil, A.G., (2014) Device for magnetic treatment of irrigation water and its effects on the quality and yield of banana plants. International Journal of Biological Science Applied 1, 152–156.
Pittman, U.J., (1977). Effect of magnetic seed treatment on yields of barley, wheat, and oats in southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 57, 37–45.
Sace, C.F., and Estigoy, J.H. (2015). Lettuce production in a recirculating hydroponic system. American Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(5), 196-202. Retrieved from http://www.aascit.org/journal/ajas. Accessed November 2019
Sace, C.F. & Natividad, Jr., E.P. (2015). Economic analysis of an urban vertical garden for hydroponic production of lettuce (Lactuca sativa). International Journal of Contemporary Applied Sciences, 2 (7)7, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.ijcas.net. Accessed: November 2019
Sardare, M. & Admane, S. (2013). A review on pants without soil – hydroponics. IJRET. 2(3), 299-304. Retrieved from http://www.ijret.org/. October 2018.
Scaloppi, E.J. (2008). Irrigation of horticultural crops with magnetized water. The central theme, technology for all: sharing the knowledge for development. Proceedings of the International Conference of Agricultural Engineering, XXXVII Brazilian Congress of Agricultural Engineering, International Livestock Environment Symposium – ILES VIII, Iguassu Falls City, Brazil, 31st August to 4th September. : unpaginated
Selim, M. (2008).Application of magnetic technologies in correcting underground brackish water for irrigation in the arid and semi-arid ecosystem. The 3rd International Conference on water resources and arid environments, and the 1st Arab water forum. King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.icwrae-psipw.org/images/stories/2008/Environment/6.pdf
Selim, A.F., El-Nady, M.F. (2011).Physio-anatomical responses of drought-stressed tomato plants to the magnetic field. Acta Astron. 69, 387–396.
Shukla, S., Wagh, S., Vaishamapayan, V., Gaopande, M., & Vishnoi S. (2016). Magnetic field effect on plant growth in hydroponic farming Journal of Basic and Applied Research International, 19 (4), 259-262. Retrieved from www.ikpress.org. Accessed: November 2019.
Socorro, A. & Carbonell, M.V. (2002). Magnetic treatment of wheat seeds (Triticum aestivum) as a growth stimulating technique Alimentaria, 39(337), 167-170.
Surendran, U., Sandeep, O., &Joseph, E.J., (2016). The impacts of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on the plant, water, and soil characteristics. Agricultural Water Management, 178, 21–29.
Turker, M., Temerci, C., Battal, P., &Erez, M. E. (2007). The effect of an artificial and static magnetic field on plant growth, chlorophyll and phytohormone levels in maize and sunflower plants. Phyton Ann. Rei. Bot, 46, 271-284.
United Nations. (2017). "World population projected to reach 9.8 billion in 2050, and 11.2 billion in 2100," United Nations, 21 June 2017. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/world-population-prospects- 2017.html. Accessed: September 2018.
Yusuf, K.O., & Ogunlela A.O. (2015). Impact of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on the growth and yield of a tomato.Notulae Scientia Biologicae. 7(3), 345-348. DOI: 10.15835/nsb.7.3.9532 Retrieved from www.notlaebiologicae.ro. Accessed: July 2019.
Copyright of the Journal belongs to the University of San Jose-Recoletos