Energy Conservation in Academic Institutions: An Application of Theory of Planned Behavior

  • Eugenio Alin Ermac Cebu Technological University
Keywords: Energy conservation, Theory of planned behavior, antecedents of user behavior

Abstract

Energy conservation is a buzzword that cuts across a broad spectrum of stakeholders. It has been widely practiced, developed, and discussed in government, political, and industrial sectors due to its massive impact on tackling issues related to climate change and global warming as well as presenting opportunities to cut energy costs. Despite the active discussion of this topic in the literature, very few papers have discussed it in the context of academic institutions which has one of the most significant impacts in terms of energy consumption. To address the issue, this paper places the topic of energy conservation in the context of academic institutions. Moreover, it adopts the Theory of Planned Behavior to investigate the success of energy conservation initiatives in academic institutions by looking at user behavior and its antecedents. Finally, this paper contributes significantly to the literature as it is one of the very few papers and arguably the first to discuss energy conservation in the context of academic institutions using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Furthermore, this paper will be beneficial for practitioners and other stakeholders in that it provides them with a framework to investigate the success of implementing energy conservation initiatives, especially, in academic institutions by looking at the antecedents of user behavior.

References

Alfaris, F., Juaidi, A., & Manzano-Agugliaro, F. (2016). Improvement of efficiency through an energy management program as a sustainable practice in schools. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 794–805.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.

Azjen, I. (2006). Constructing a theory of planned behavior questionnaire. Retrieved September 28, 2018 from https://people.umass.edu/aizen/tpb.measurement.pdf

Derenski, J., Porse, E., Gustafson, H., Cheng, D., & Pincetl, S. (2017). Spatial and temporal analysis of energy use data in Los Angeles public schools. Energy Efficiency, 11, 485–497.

Dimoudi, A., & Kostarela, P. (2009). Energy monitoring and conservation potential in school buildings in the C′ climatic zone of Greece. Renewable Energy, 34, 289–296.

Jia, J.-J., Xu, J.-H., Fan, Y., & Ji, Q. (2018). Willingness to accept energy-saving measures and adoption barriers in the residential sector: An empirical analysis in Beijing, China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 95, 56–73.

Kaiser, F. G., & Scheuthle, H. (2003). Two challenges to a moral extension of the theory of planned behavior: moral norms and just world beliefs in conservationism. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 1033–1048.

Levy, A. W. (1980). Lighting Controls, Patterns of Lighting Consumption, and Energy Conservation. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, IA-16, 419–427.

Liao, C., Chen, J.-L., & Yen, D. C. (2007). Theory of planning behavior (TPB) and customer satisfaction in the continued use of e-service: An integrated model. Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 2804–2822.

Lo, K., & Wang, M. Y. (2013). Energy conservation in China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan period: Continuation or paradigm shift? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 18, 499–507.

Ma, G., Lin, J., Li, N., & Zhou, J. (2017). Cross-cultural assessment of the effectiveness of eco-feedback in building energy conservation. Energy and Buildings, 134, 329–338.

Merabtine, A., Maalouf, C., Hawila, A. A. W., Martaj, N., & Polidori, G. (2018). Building energy audit, thermal comfort, and IAQ assessment of a school building: A case study. Building and Environment, 145, 62–76.
Meron, N., & Meir, I. A. (2017). Building green schools in Israel. Costs, economic benefits and teacher satisfaction. Energy and Buildings, 154, 12–18.

Mustapa, R. F., Dahlan, N. Y., Yassin, I. M., Nordin, A. H. M., & Mahadan, M. E. (2017). Baseline energy modelling in an educational building campus for measurement and verification. 2017 International Conference on Electrical, Electronics and System Engineering (ICEESE). doi:10.1109/iceese.2017.8298383

Nadiri, H., Hussain, K., Haktan Ekiz, E., & Erdoğan, Ş. (2008). An investigation on the factors influencing passengers' loyalty in the North Cyprus national airline. The TQM Journal, 20(3), 265-280.

Pacala, S. (2004). Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies. Science, 305, 968–972.

Santamouris, M., Mihalakakou, G., Patargias, P., Gaitani, N., Sfakianaki, K., Papaglastra, M., … Zerefos, S. (2007). Using intelligent clustering techniques to classify the energy performance of school buildings. Energy and Buildings, 39, 45–51.
Published
2019-01-01
How to Cite
ErmacE. (2019). Energy Conservation in Academic Institutions: An Application of Theory of Planned Behavior. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.32871/rmrj1806.02.02
Section
Articles