Rainforestation and Sustainable Development: The Lived Experience of the Four Individual Adopters from the Visayas Region in the Philippines

  • Guiraldo Centino Fernandez Department of Liberal Arts and Behavioral Sciences, Visayas State University, Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines
  • Marlito Jose Modina Bande Institute of Tropical Ecology and Environmental Management, Visayas State University, Baybay City, Leyte
Keywords: Rainforestation, sustainable development, improved biodiversity, making a difference.

Abstract

Rainforestation (RF) is a reforestation strategy designed to address the problem of dwindling Philippine forest landscapes by planting native trees to unproductive and idol lands. It was introduced in the early 1990’s to ensure that forests only have species that are endemic in the country. Using the method of hermeneutic phenomenology, this paper concludes that the Philippine indigenous tree species have enhanced the viability of Rainforestation as a major conservation strategy in the Philippines as compared to the exotic trees used by the government in the 1970s and 1980s and therefore, is very significant in promoting biodiversity and sustainable development.

Author Biographies

Guiraldo Centino Fernandez, Department of Liberal Arts and Behavioral Sciences, Visayas State University, Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines
Head, Department of Liberal Arts and Behavioral Sciences, Visayas State University, Baybay City, Leyte
Marlito Jose Modina Bande, Institute of Tropical Ecology and Environmental Management, Visayas State University, Baybay City, Leyte
Project Leader, Visayas State University Natural Resource Management Phase 2

References

Asio, V. B., & Milan, P. P. (2002, January). Improvement of soil quality in degraded lands through rainforestation farming. Retrieved from: http://www.rainforestation.ph/resources/publications.html.

Bajarias, A. J. (2018, August 9). Rare Bird Sighted After 111 Years. Retrieved from https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1019373/rare-bird-sighted-after-111-years.

Ceniza, M., Milan, P. and Acabal, O. (1998). Anthropod communities in selected deptirocarp trees in rainforestation sites in Baybay, Leyte, Philippines. Retrieved from: http://www.rainforestation.ph/resources/publications.html

Cohen, M., Kahn, D., & Steevees, R. (2000). Hermeneutic Phenomenological Research: A Practical Guide for Nurse Researchers. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publication.

Comependio, S. J., &Bande, M. J. (2017). Effectiveness of community-based forest management program as a strategy on forest restoration in Cienda and San-Vicente, Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 15(4), 1–20.

Dahlberg K. (2006). The essence of essences: The search for meaning structures in phenomenological analysis of lifeworld phenomena. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well Being,1(1), 11-19.

Fernandez, G., & Bande, M. J. (2018).Rainforestation implementation and Durkheim's Notion of Mechanical Solidarity: From the experiences of the pioneering adopters of the Cienda San Vicente Farmers Association in Baybay City, Leyte. Journal of Agriculture and Technology Management, 21(1), 1–16.

Fernandez, G. C., & Bande, M. J. M. (2018). Sustainable development through environmental education: From the perspectives of past and present group and individual rainforestation adopters. International Journal of Environmental and Rural Development, 9(2), 47–52.

Fernando, E. (2005). Rainforestation: A strategy for restoring our dying forests. (Policy Paper no. 3). Manila, Philippines: Haribon Foundation.

Fernando, E. (2005). Restoring the Philippine Rainforest (Haribon Policy Paper no. 2). Manila, Philippines: Haribon Foundation.

Goltenboth, F. (2005, October 11). Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development. Retrieved from: http://www.rainforestation.ph/Resources/pdf/publications/Goltenboth_2005_Ecosystem_Approach.pdf.

Goltenboth, F. (2011). “Rainforestation farming” - An Appropriate and Applied Ecological Approach for Landscape Rehabilitation and Impact Mitigation of Climate Change in the Humid Tropics. Annals of Tropical Research, 33(2), 85–106.

Haribon Foundation. (2016). Classifying natural and restored forests containing primary, secondary growth, or residual forests. (Vol. 3). Manila, Philippines: PANAO. Rain Forest Restoration Initiative.

Kafle, N. P. (2011). Hermeneutic phenomenological research method simplified. Bodhi: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 5, 181–200.

Kalikasan People’s Network. (2017). Where are the trees? Examining the state of the Philippine forests. Retrieved from http://www.kalikasan.net/features/2011/06/05/where-are-the-trees-examining-state-philippine-forests.

Langdridge, D. (2005). Phenomenological psychology: Theory, research, and methods. London, United Kingdom: Pearson.

Meerveld, I., Zhang, J., & and Bruijnzeel, S. (2014). EGU general assembly. In Effects of Reforesting Degraded Grassland on Hydrological Flow Pathways on Leyte, the Philippines. Geographical Research Abstracts.

Milan, P., & Ceniza, J. (Eds.).(2009). Rainforestation Trainers Manual. Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines: Visayas State University Institute of Tropical Ecology.

Milan, P., & Margraf, J. (1994). Rainforestation farming: An alternative to conventional concepts. Annals of Tropical Research, 16, 1–11.

Novak, D. J., &Heisler, G. M. (2010). Air Quality Effects of Urban Trees and Parks. Syracuse, New York: National Recreation and Park Association.

Picornell, J. (2012, April 1). Ramon Aboitez Foundation gives out 5th triennial awards for Visayas- Mindanao Icons. Retrieved from: http://lifestyle.inquirer.net/41865/ramon-aboitiz-foundation-gives-out-5th-triennial-awards-for-visayas-mindanao-icons/.

Pinho, R. C., Miller, R. P., & Alfaia, S. S. (2012). Agroforestry and improvement of soil fertility: A view from Amazonia. Applied and Environmental Soil Science, 1–11. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/616383

Ranada, P. (2014, February 21). Is the government reforestation program planting the right trees?. Retrieved August 2, 2017, from http://www.rappler.com/nation/51200-national-greening-program-native-trees

Schneider, T., Ashton, M., Montagngini ,F., & Milan, P. (2013). Growth performance of sixty three species in smallholder reforestation trials on Leyte, Philippines. New Forests. Springer Science Media Dordrech. DOI: 10.1007/s11056-013-9393-5.

Smith, S., &Vandenburg, D. (1997). Phenomenology of Educating Physically. Phenomenology and Educational Discourse, 119–144.

Thompson C.J. (2010). Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of The Mind. Cambridge, MA; London, UK: The Belknap Press of Harvard University.

Wilson, H., & Hutchinson, S. (1991). Triangulation of Qualitative Methods: Heideggerian Hermeneutics and Grounded Theory. Qualitative Health Research, 1(2), 263–276.

Van Manen, M. (1990). Researching lived experience: Human science for an action sensitive pedagogy (2nd ed.). London, United Kingdom: Althouse.

Viray, P. (2015, September 29). PAG ASA: Philippines Experiences Strong El Niño Retrieved from: http://www.philstar.com/ headlines/2015/09/29/1505260/pagasa-philippines-experiencing-strong-el-nino.
Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
FernandezG., & BandeM. J. (2019). Rainforestation and Sustainable Development: The Lived Experience of the Four Individual Adopters from the Visayas Region in the Philippines. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 7(2), 29-46. https://doi.org/10.32871/rmrj1907.02.03
Section
Articles