Rainforestation and Sustainable Development: From the Lens of the Four Individual Adopters from the Visayas Region in the Philippines
Keywords:environment conservation, economic, environmental and social benefits
Rainforestation (RF) is a reforestation strategy designed to address the problem of dwindling Philippine forest landscapes by planting native trees to unproductive and idle lands. It was introduced in the early 1990â€™s to ensure that forests only have species that are endemic in the country. Using the method of hermeneutic phenomenology, this paper concludes that the Philippine indigenous tree species have enhanced the viability of Rainforestation as a major conservation strategy in the Philippines as compared to the exotic trees used by the government in the 1970s and 1980s and therefore, is very significant in promoting biodiversity and sustainable development.
of soil quality in degraded lands through
rainforestation farming. Retrieved from: http://
Bajarias, A. J. (2018, August 9). Rare Bird Sighted After
111 Years. Retrieved from https://newsinfo.
Ceniza, M., Milan, P. and Acabal, O. (1998). Anthropod
communities in selected deptirocarp trees in
rainforestation sites in Baybay, Leyte, Philippines.
Retrieved from: http://www.rainforestation.ph/resources/publications.html
Comependio, S. J., &Bande, M. J. (2017). Effectiveness of
community-based forest management program
as a strategy on forest restoration in Cienda and
San-Vicente, Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines. Asian
Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics &
Sociology, 15(4), 1â€“20.
Fernandez, G., & Bande, M. J. (2018).Rainforestation
implementation and Durkheim's Notion of
Mechanical Solidarity: From the experiences of
the pioneering adopters of the Cienda San Vicente
Farmers Association in Baybay City, Leyte. Journal
of Agriculture and Technology Management, 21(1),
Fernandez, G. C., & Bande, M. J. M. (2018). Sustainable
development through environmental education:
From the perspectives of past and present
group and individual rainforestation adopters.
International Journal of Environmental and Rural
Development, 9(2), 47â€“52.
Fernando, E. (2005). Rainforestation: A strategy for
restoring our dying forests. (Policy Paper no. 3).
Manila, Philippines: Haribon Foundation.
Fernando, E. (2005). Restoring the Philippine Rainforest
(Haribon Policy Paper no. 2). Manila, Philippines:
Goltenboth, F. (2005, October 11). Conference
on International Agricultural Research for
Development. Retrieved from: http://www.
Goltenboth, F. (2011). â€œRainforestation farmingâ€ - An
Appropriate and Applied Ecological Approach for
Landscape Rehabilitation and Impact Mitigation
of Climate Change in the Humid Tropics. Annals of
Tropical Research, 33(2), 85â€“106.
Haribon Foundation. (2016). Classifying natural and
restored forests containing primary, secondary
growth, or residual forests. (Vol. 3). Manila,
Philippines: PANAO. Rain Forest Restoration
Kalikasan Peopleâ€™s Network. (2017). Where are the
trees? Examining the state of the Philippine
forests. Retrieved from http://www.kalikasan.
Koh, E. T., & Owen, W. L. (2000). Introduction to Nutrition
and Health Research. Boston, Massachusetts:
Lambert, V. A., & Lambert, C. E. (Eds.). (2012). Qualitative
Descriptive Research: An Acceptable Design.
Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 16(4), 255-256.
Meerveld, I., Zhang, J., & and Bruijnzeel, S. (2014). EGU
general assembly. In Effects of Reforesting Degraded
Grassland on Hydrological Flow Pathways on Leyte,
the Philippines. Geographical Research Abstracts.
Milan, P., & Ceniza, J. (Eds.).(2009). Rainforestation
Trainers Manual. Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines:
Visayas State University Institute of Tropical Ecology.
Milan, P., & Margraf, J. (1994). Rainforestation farming:
An alternative to conventional concepts. Annals of Tropical Research, 16, 1â€“11.
Nassaji, H. (2015). Qualitative and descriptive
research: Data type versus data analysis.
Language Teaching Research, 19(2), 129-135.
Novak, D. J., &Heisler, G. M. (2010). Air Quality Effects
of Urban Trees and Parks. Syracuse, New York:
National Recreation and Park Association.
Picornell, J. (2012, April 1). Ramon Aboitez Foundation
gives out 5th triennial awards for VisayasMindanao Icons. Retrieved from: http://lifestyle.
Pearson, R. G. (2016). Reasons to Conserve Nature.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 31(5), 366-371.
Pinho, R. C., Miller, R. P., & Alfaia, S. S. (2012). Agroforestry
and improvement of soil fertility: A view from
Amazonia. Applied and Environmental Soil Science,
1â€“11. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/616383
Ranada, P. (2014, February 21). Is the government
reforestation program planting the right trees?.
Retrieved August 2, 2017, from http://www.
Schneider, T., Ashton, M., Montagngini ,F., & Milan, P.
(2013). Growth performance of sixty three species
in smallholder reforestation trials on Leyte,
Philippines. New Forests. Springer Science Media
Dordrech. DOI: 10.1007/s11056-013-9393-5
Van Manen, M. (1990). Researching lived experience:
Human science for an action sensitive pedagogy
(2nd ed.). London, United Kingdom: Althouse.
Viray, P. (2015, September 29). PAG ASA:
Philippines Experiences Strong El NiÃ±o
Retrieved from: http://www.philstar.com/
How to Cite
Copyright of the Journal belongs to the University of San Jose-Recoletos