Ratooning Response of Lowland Rice (Oryza sativa L.) var. PSB Rc22 to Production Management Practices





approach, gross margin, lowland rice, management, ratooning


This study aimed to determine the ratooning ability of lowland rice to production management practices. It assessed the profitability of rice ratooning to the abovementioned objectives. The experiment was set out in a split-plot organized in a Randomized Complete Block Design with production management practices as the main plot and cutting heights of ratoon crop as the subplot treatment. Production management practices notably affected all agronomic characteristics, yield, and yield component parameters evaluated except the grain yield. Cutting height remarkably influenced all growth and yield parameters tested except panicle weight. Economic analysis revealed that the improved method achieved a higher gross margin (PHP21,321.60) than the farmer’s practice (PHP15,419.40) because of the former’s high productivity (1.64 t ha-1). A cutting height of 45.0 cm under the improved method obtained the highest gross margin (PHP28,677.00). Moreso, this approach is considered a good measure in adapting to the problematic scenario relative to climate change.


Asio, V. B. (1996). Characteristics, weathering, formation, and degradation of soils from volcanic rocks in Leyte, Philippines. Hohenheimer Bodenkundliche Hefte, 33, 209.

Baňoc, D. M. (2020). Ratooning response of lowland rice NSIC Rc352 (Oryza sativa L.) to the method of nitrogen application. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 8(2), 63-74. https://doi.org/10.32871/rmrj2008.02.05

Baňoc, D. M., & Asio, V. B. (2019). Response of lowland rice to fertilization when grown as main and ratoon crop. Annals of Tropical Research, 4(1), 63-80. https://doi.org/10.32945/atr4116.2019

Carating, R. B., Galanta, R. G., & Bacatio, C. D. (2014). The soils of the Philippines. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8682-9

Daliri, M. S., Eftekhari, A., Mobasser, A. H., Tari D. B.M., & Porkalhor, H. (2009). Effect of cutting time and height on yield and yield components of ratoon rice (Tarom Langrodi Variety). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 8(1), 89-91. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2009.89.91

Dunand, R. T., & Dilly, R. R. Jr. (2005). First crop cutting height and second crop production in drill-seeded rice. In W. B. Richardson, D. J. Boethel, P. D. Coreil, & S. D. Linscombe (Eds.), 97th Annual Research Report, Rice Research Station (317-318). U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Evatt, N. S., & Beachell, H. M. (1960). Ratoon cropping of short-season rice varieties in Texas. Int. Rice Comm. Newsl., 9(3), 1-4.

Faruq, G., Taha, R. M., & Prodhan, Z. H. (2014). Rice ratoon crop: A sustainable rice production system for tropical hill agriculture. Sustainability, 6(9), 5785-5800. https://doi.org/10.3390/su6095785

Harrel, D. L., Bond, J. A., & Blanche, S. (2009). Evaluation of main-crop stubble height on ratoon rice growth and development. Field Crops Research, 114(3), 396-403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2009.09.011

Ibabao, N. (2018, October 26). Experts from 11 countries gather to shape the future of the rice ratoon cropping system. IRRI News. Retrieved from http://news.irri.org/2018/10/experts-from-11-countries-gather-to.html

Javier, E. F., Marquez, J. M., Grospe, F. S., Mamucod, H. F., & Tabien, R. E. (2002). Three-year effect of organic fertilizer use on paddy rice. Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 27(2), 11-15. https://www.cabi.org/gara/FullTextPDF/2009/20093019271.pdf

Landon, J. R. (1991). Booker tropical soil manual: A handbook for soil survey and agricultural land evaluation in tropics and subtropics. Routledge.

Eastern Visayas latitude and longitude. (2022). DISTANCESTO.COM. https://www.distancesto.com/coordinates/ph/eastern-visayas-latitude-longitude/history/81951.html

Mareza, E., Djafar, Z. R., Suwignyo, R. A., & Wijaya, A. (2016). Rice ratoon yield response to main crops cutting height in tidal swamp using direct seeding system. AGRIVITA: Journal of Agricultural Science, 38(2), 126-132. https://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v38i2.502

Nassiri, M., Pirdashti, H., & Nejad, T. N. (2011). Effect of level and time of nitrogen fertilizer application and cutting height on yield and yield component of rice ratooning. Proceedings of the Fourth International Iran and Russia Conference, 602-606. http://iirc.narod.ru/4conference/Fullpaper/20032.pdf

Oad, F. C., Sta. Cruz, P., Memon, M., Oad, N. L. & Hassan, Z. (2002). Rice ratooning management. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(1), 29-35. https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2002.29.35

Palchamy A., & Soundrapandian, G. (1988). Status of and potential of rice ratoon cropping in Tamil Nadu. In International Rice Research Institute, Rice ratooning (pp. 111-117). http://books.irri.org/9711041901_content.pdf

Ratilla, M. D., & Cagasan, U. A. (2011). Growth and yield performance of selected lowland rice varieties under alternative wet and dry water management. Annals of Tropical Research, 33(2), 130-142. https://doi.org/10.32945/atr3327.2011

Rice ratooning: A technology to increase production. (2007, April 9). DAWN. https://www.dawn.com/news/241368/rice-ratooning-a-technology-to-increase-production

Santos, A. B., Fageria, N. K., & Prabhu, A. S. (2011). Rice ratooning management practices for higher yields. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 34(5-6), 881-918. https://doi.org/10.1081/css-120018981

Saran, A. B., & Prasad, M. (1952). Ratooning in paddy. Curr. Science, 21(8), 223-224.

Singh, B., Mishra, S., Bisht, D., & Joshi, R. (2021). Growing rice with less water: Improving productivity by decreasing water demand. In J. Ali & S. H. Wani (Eds.), Rice improvement: Physiological, molecular breeding and genetic perspectives (pp. 147-170). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-66530-2_5

Slaton, N. A., Norman, R. J., Boothe, D. L., Ntamatungiro, S., Clark, S. D., Wilson, C. E., Jr., & Delong, R. E. (2001). Potassium nutrition of rice: Summary of 2000 research studies. In R. J. Norman & J-F Meullenet (Eds.), B. R. Wells rice research studies (395-404). Arkansas Agricultural Research Station. https://agcomm.uark.edu/agnews/publications/485.pdf

University of the Philippines Los Baños. (2018). PSB RC 22 rice. Research Development Extension, Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research & Extension. https://ovcre.uplb.edu.ph/research/our-technologies/article/231-psb-rc-22-rice

Wasli, M. E. & Masni, Z. (2019). Yield performance and nutrient uptake of red rice variety (MRM 16) at different NPK fertilizer rates. International Journal of Agronomy, 2019(2019), 1-6. https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-1155755

Wilson, T. (2001, July). The 54th Annual Beaumont field day rice research impacting the future. Texas Rice: Texas A and M University System Agriculture Research and Extension Center, 1(5), 1-12. https://beaumont.tamu.edu/eLibrary/Newsletter/2001_July_Newsletter.pdf

Ye, T., Li, Y., Zhang, J., Hou, W., Zhou, W., Lu, J., Xing, Y., & Li, X. (2019). Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilization affect the flowering time of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Global Ecology and Conservation, 20(2019), e00753. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00753




How to Cite

Baňoc, D. M., & Asio, V. B. (2022). Ratooning Response of Lowland Rice (Oryza sativa L.) var. PSB Rc22 to Production Management Practices. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 10(1), 11–23. https://doi.org/10.32871/rmrj2210.01.08