Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal <p>The Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal (RMRJ) is the official bi-annual journal of the University of San Jose-Recoletos (USJ-R) Center for Policy, Research, and Development Studies (CPRDS).&nbsp; Being an <strong><em>internationally peer reviewed journal</em></strong>, RMRJ adopts the double-blind review process wherein&nbsp; the reviewer/s and the author/s do not know each other’s identity.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Aims</strong></p> <p>RMRJ is dedicated to the promotion of knowledge through high quality research publication in various disciplines. It adheres to the policy that all articles contained therein must meet the rigors of an independent double-blind peer-reviewing system and editing to ensure that the publication possesses scientific and academic merit.</p> <p><strong>Scope</strong></p> <p>RMRJ welcomes submission of quality researches in any of the following academic domains:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Accountancy, Business and Management, and Finance;</li> <li class="show">Communication, Humanities, Psychology, and Religion;</li> <li class="show">Education and Educational Management;</li> <li class="show">Engineering, Mathematics, Statistics, and Technology;</li> <li class="show">Environment, Health &nbsp;and Natural Sciences;</li> <li class="show">Philosophical and Mathematical Reviews; and</li> <li class="show">Politics and Governance, and Social Sciences.</li> </ul> en-US <p>Copyright of the Journal belongs to the <a href="">University of San Jose-Recoletos</a></p> (Jessica Magallon-Avenido, Ph.D.) (Chanine F. Sevilla) Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 60 Fun and Fearless: Magazine Covers, Feminine Ideologies, and Representations <span lang="EN-PH">Starting with the assumption that media, particularly magazines, serve as a ground that shape the ideological landscape for women representations, this paper explored feminine ideologies and representations of twelve (12) Cosmopolitan Philippines magazine covers from the year 2015. Underlying ideological structures were found not only in the linguistic but symbolic features of the text as well.  Employing the methodologies of multimodal critical discourse analysis, the investigation revealed emerging patterns on how women are portrayed and represented in the magazine covers.  The “fun and fearless” catchphrase that the magazine has shaped to define the modern Filipina (a) presents them as hypersexualized and practicing adventurous sex, (b) positions them as followers of health and beauty regimens and glamorous lifestyle that ultimately lead to the affirmation of the opposite sex, and (c) objectifies them through come-hither poses and scantily-clad bodies that emphasize the cleavage, toned abdomens, and legs.  The paper also discussed the possible implications brought about by the perpetuation of these ideological structures.</span> Claudette Arcelon Baluran ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 16:25:27 +0800 Rethinking Catholic Education: Experiences of Teachers of a Catholic University <p>Catholic education is closely linked to the evangelical mission of the Church. As such, the primary intent of Catholic education is to proclaim the message of salvation to all people. Accordingly, Catholic education aims to provide an integral formation with a religious dimension that will equip the human person to become life, work, and mission ready and attain salvation. But given the contemporary socio-economic, cultural, political, and technological milieus characterized by a secular and consumerist view and praxis, the value of Catholic education may have been obscured or affected.  Thus, this paper aims to investigate and analyze the views and practices of the faculty of a Catholic University about Catholic education. The purposive sampling method was used to determine the participants in the study. Using a qualitative research design, the data were gathered from the participants using the face-to-face interview method. Aided by the phenomenological method, the findings discovered semblance in the participants' views and practices of Catholic education with that of Catholic Church. Despite the observed undesirable elements that obscure and marginalize it, Catholic education faithfully remains a Catholic. But making religion as the core of the curriculum of Catholic education is still a great challenge for Catholic schools to realize. Thus, the collaboration of all stakeholders is vital to address this perennial challenge in Catholic education.</p> Dennis Villasor Madrigal, Enrique Galon Oracion ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 16:25:29 +0800 Linguistic and Sociolinguistic Competence of Senior High School Students <p><em>This study aims to identify whether the Senior High School students are Linguistic, Discourse, Sociolinguistic or Strategic Competent in English. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to collate a survey that would sure mend the study. With comprehensive computation of the random datasets, almost every Senior High School student achieved a satisfactory rating in both the Perceptions and Abilities Categories. A Chi-Square Statistic was also used and yielded maximum values which consequently, resulted to low p-values, suggesting the negation of the study’s null hypothesis. The result is further supported using the correlation statistic which corresponds to a high correlation between the students’ Perceptions and Abilities in their speaking competence. The outcome of the summary of all competencies show that the Linguistic Competence contributed the most to the overall language intents of the students with sociolinguistic competence giving the least, which results in Linguistic Competence being the widely used language competency and sociolinguistic as not often practiced language skill amongst the students. With this, the Senior High School students are far more competent in phonetics, pronunciation, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax and Semantics rather than on the socio-cultural languages such as vocabulary, politeness and language style. </em></p> Ionell Jay Riantoco Terogo, Crismae Amor C. Elimino, John Paulo M. Tallo, Johanna A. Sacal, Charles Martin Joseph E. Balahadia ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 16:25:31 +0800 Judicial Resolution of Cases in Small Scale Financial Claims: The Malaysian Experience <p>This paper presents the assessment of the Malaysian experience on the implementation of the <em>Small Claims Procedures. This covers the magistrate courts of Kuala Lumpur, Shah Alam and Johor Bharu as the major cities of Malaysia. </em>Small Claims Procedure plaintiff is an individual person who is not an agent or assignee of any debt of another person.  (Order 93, Rules of Court 2012 r. 1.2).   The money involved in cases without intervention of a solicitor or advocate is less than RM 5,000.00 (USD 1,168.91).<em> </em>Order 93, Rules of Court 2012 refined mechanism is in its 32 years in implementation since 1980 it was first adopted.  The major challenge is information dissemination. The Malaysian’s Small Claim Procedures implements warrant of arrest and imprisons the defendant for failure to comply court order. The beneficiaries are individual persons instead of lending corporations.</p> Glenda E. Feliprada, Jayum Anak Jawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 16:25:36 +0800 The Effect of Consumer Innovativeness, Perceived Benefits, Perceived Risk, and Brand Image in the Decision to Buy Online With the advancing technology, online shopping is pacing fast. This calls for looking into factors that influence a consumer’s decision to buy online. With this, the present study investigated four variables namely consumer innovativeness, perceived benefit, perceived risk, and brand image and its impact toward consumer’s decision to buy online. To address this aim, four hundred eighty (480) participants were recruited online and randomly assigned into one of the sixteen treatment conditions with the presence and/or absence of the four variables being investigated. Results of two-way analysis of variance showed that, in an online selling platform, the presence of consumer innovativeness and perceived benefit, the presence of perceived benefit and perceived risk, and brand image had significant influence in one’s decision to buy online. Findings provide implications towards improving an online website’s shopping platform which may motivate the consumer to buy. Jame Bryan Lamberte Batara, Joanna Paula R. Mariblanca, Karlo Mar D. Kinaadman, Jandall Airon B. Go ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 16:25:34 +0800